The Republic of Austria with about 8.4 million inhabitants and a size of 83,878 km² is located in Central Europe. The neighboring countries are Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
Upper Austria is with an area of 11,982 km² and 1.4 million inhabitants the fourth largest state in Austria. It borders the states of Germany and the Czech Republic as well as in the provinces of Lower Austria, Styria and Salzburg.
Linz is the largest town in Upper Austria. As it is both chartered municipality district and administrative headquarters of the district of Linz-Land. Its present economic importance obtained Linz as an industrial location and transportation hub.